Solar energy definition : how does it work ?

With the erratic power supply that has affected some communities in the world, people are seeking alternative power supplies. Aside from the unstable nature of power supply from gas and dams, the continuous search for clean energy has made solar power an ideal solution. Let’s delve into what solar energy is, how it works, and the benefits of using solar energy.

What is Solar energy?

Solar energy is a popular power source which produces heat and bright light. This type of power is a source of renewable and clean energy which intends to compete with other energy sources. The technology used to create solar energy allows the power harnessed to be stored for future use.

Moreover, there is a plethora of solar energy which reaches the earth daily and they aren’t being used adequately. The components used to create a solar system includes:

  • solar panels;
  • inverter;
  • solar racking;
  • net meter;
  • solar performance monitoring;
  • cables.
  • ```

The type of components to use depends on the solar system you want and energy you need in your house.

How does solar energy work?

Solar energy depends solely on the amount of energy harnessed by solar panels from the sun. What happens is the panels stir the sun’s energy and convert them to power. Immediately the sunlight hits your panels, it grabs power within photovoltaic cells and transmits them to the inverter. In the inverter, this power is converted from DC to a usable AC energy.

solar energy

In many areas, this power from the sun is stored from power banks. While some prefer using solar banks, others don’t need it. The battery banks you will use depends on your budget and the utilities you want to power in the house.

Why do you need solar energy?

There are many reasons you should consider using solar energy, they include:

Safer source of power

Solar energy has less impact on the environment and you are assured of having a clean source of power. Solar energy doesn’t produce greenhouse gasses and is pollution free. Unlike nuclear plants, it uses small amounts of water for maintenance.

Reduce energy costs

When you generate your source of energy, you will pay less to your energy company. This assures that you save money and use it for something else. Also, with the unused energy, you can sell them to your neighbor. By getting the right solar panels you can use green investment to your advantage.

Can be used anywhere

Unlike your regular energy from nuclear or gas that doesn’t reach all locations, this isn’t the case for solar. Even in remote areas, you can have access to solar energy. All your location needs is to have access to sunlight. Solar panels can be installed in rural areas where they don’t have access to the sun to help distribute electricity.

Job creation

Another benefit of using solar energy is the provision of job opportunities. The main cost of solar systems comes with solar panels installations. This is a way to contribute to jobs of people selling these panels. When you use more solar systems you are boosting the economy of the community.

Enhances Grid Security

The power grid won’t be vulnerable to blackouts when you have numerous plants spread out. Grids with high penetration contain thousands of energy centers around. This helps increase the level of security around the grid when overloading happens.

Cons of Solar energy

While solar energy comes with many pros, it has a major con:

High installation costs

The main drawback of solar panels is that installation can be pricey. This is particularly true for those who just want to try it. You will need to have a sizable budget before you can install it in your place. However, once installed, it can last up to 15–20 years.

Solar energy remains a viable option for people who need steady electricity. It’s always good to have a reliable energy source which is available 24/7.